Weekly Health Watch with items on how to avoid dog bites, vision problem in the U.S., car crash-related costs and more.
During National Dog Bite Prevention Week, May 15-21, the Postal Service aims to provide dog-attack prevention tips.
Every year, 4.7 million Americans are bitten, the majority of whom are children.
“Half of all children will be bitten by a dog by the time they’re high school seniors,” said Dr. John Fraser, of the Texas Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics. “It’s so important for parents to supervise young children around dogs at all times, and it's just as important for children to be taught from an early age how to keep from being bitten.”
According to the Insurance Information Institute, dog attacks accounted for more than one-third of all homeowners’ insurance liability claims paid out in 2010, costing nearly $413 million.
How to avoid a dog bite
New Research: Car crash-related costs
Car crash-related deaths in the United States resulted in an estimated $41 billion in medical and work-loss costs in a year, based on 2005 data, the latest available. Half of this cost was in 10 states: California ($4.16 billion), Texas ($3.50 billion), Florida ($3.16 billion), Georgia ($1.55 billion), Pennsylvania ($1.52 billion), North Carolina ($1.50 billion), New York ($1.33 billion), Illinois ($1.32 billion), Ohio ($1.23 billion) and Tennessee ($1.15 billion).
-- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Did You Know?
About 4 out of 10 men and 1 in 11 women are using tobacco, and about 1 in 8 adults is obese.
– World Health Organization
Health Tip: Get active with the family
Children need about 60 minutes of physical activity a day to stay healthy, and adults need 30 minutes. Walking to and from school, playing on a playground and playing a sport are all great ways to get exercise with your family and still have fun.
Number to Know
66: The prevalence of nearsightedness alone has increased 66 percent in the past 30 years. – World Health Organization
Children’s Health: Vitamin D and infants
Respiratory syncytial virus is the most important pathogen that causes lower respiratory tract infections in infants. A recent study finds that infants who are deficient in vitamin D at birth have a higher risk of developing RSV. Infants with low concentrations of vitamin D had six times the risk of developing RSV infections compared with infants with the highest levels of vitamin D. Only 46 percent of women in the study reported using supplements that contained vitamin D during pregnancy. Study authors suggest that larger clinical trials should examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of RSV infections in newborns.
-- American Academy of Pediatrics
Senior Health: Vision problems in America
An estimated 14 million Americans are currently visually impaired because of eye diseases and disorders, and this number continues to grow as the population ages. Of adults aged 40 and older, more than 4 million currently have diabetic eye complications, more than 2 million have glaucoma and more than 1.75 million have age-related macular degeneration. Millions of Americans have common, correctible vision problems, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism.
-- National Institutes of Health
GateHouse News Service