Some facts to know about diabetes.

Facts to know about diabetes:


Changing habits


Research from Kansas State University shows that focusing on the long-term benefits of being healthy — instead of looking for immediate rewards — can lead to healthier behaviors. For instance, you can stay on top of diabetes by thinking about how weight loss will reduce your risk, rather than simply avoiding chocolate for the day.


Undiagnosed


There are millions of people living in the U.S. with diabetes who don’t know it, says the Centers for Disease Control and & Prevention. Twenty-four million people — or 11 percent of everyone 20 and older — have diabetes, while 13 million — or 23 percent of all people 60 and older — have diabetes.


Surgery works


A new study by researchers at Johns Hopkins shows that most people with diabetes who have weight-loss bariatric surgery may be able to stop taking diabetes medications. Just six months after surgery, 75 percent of the patients were able to eliminate their diabetes medications, and 85 percent were able to stop their medication after two years.


Bottle-fed babies


Childhood obesity may start with the bottle, says a new study published in Pediatrics. The study finds that babies who drank formula or breast milk out of a bottle learn to finish the bottle rather than stopping drinking when they’re full. An easy trick to remember is to only feed babies about 2 ounces per pound over a 24-hour period.


Beef, lamb and pork


Eating these meats won’t raise your risk of diabetes or heart problems, according to researchers at Harvard. But stay away from processed meats, because they contain more sodium and calories than unprocessed foods, according to a study review in Circulation.


Shared risk factors


Removing risk factors such as diabetes and depression can reduce the incidence of dementia and mild cognitive impairment, according to a 2010 study by researchers at the French National Institute of Medical Research in Montpelier, France. Patients with diabetes and depression have a threefold higher risk of developing dementia compared with those who have diabetes but not depression.


Weight gain and pregnancy


A study published in The Lancet shows that women who gain a significant amount of weight during pregnancy have larger babies. The babies with high birth weights are at greater risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. The study finds that women who gained more than 52 pounds were 2.3 times as likely to have a baby with a high birth weight than those who gained 18 to 22 pounds.


Diabetes medication


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 percent of adults with diagnosed diabetes take insulin only, 13 percent take insulin and oral medication, 57 percent take oral medication only and 16 percent don’t take either.